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Major depression isn’t always so easy to spot in yourself or someone you love. Use these clues to determine when treatment is needed.

Everyone feels a little down in the dumps now and then. But sadness and withdrawal can become crippling, putting you at risk for a number of serious conditions and consequences, including suicide.

Depression symptoms aren’t always as obvious as frequent crying and overwhelming despair. “Oftentimes the changes are subtle, and the person may not notice, but their friends and loved ones may.”

There’s no one pattern. Depression symptomsmay gradually progress from the mild, such as choosing to stay home to watch TV instead of going out with friends, to the more severe, such as thoughts of suicide. Or someone may go from seeming perfectly happy to being totally depressed in a matter of days or weeks. The progression varies from person to person.

“Depression symptoms are particularly troubling if someone displays more than one, or if they persist for more

To help you recognize depression that warrants concern, whether in yourself or a loved one, here are six depression symptoms — some of which you might even find surprising — that you shouldn’t ignore:

1. Trouble Sleeping 

Despite being slower in demeanor and motivation, depressed people often lie awake at night, unable to sleep. On the other hand, some depressed people may find it difficult to get out of bed and may sleep for long periods during the day.

2. Loss of Interest in Favorite Activities

 Some people turn to hobbies they enjoy when they feel blue, but people with major depression tend to avoid them. “So if a person who loved spending time with her grandchildren suddenly doesn’t want to see them, or a guy who loves to fish suddenly hangs up his rods, it’s a red flag.”

3. Increase in Energy

 Ironically, when depressed people have made a decision to do something drastic, such as killing themselves, they may go from lackadaisical and slowed to more energetic. That’s because they feel a sense of relief in having come to a resolution, “so if you notice a drastic switch like this, you should be very concerned.”

4. Change in Appetite 

Some people overeat when they’re depressed or anxious, but in people with severe depression, the opposite is usually true. “A depressed person may stop eating because he or she is no longer concerned with physical well-being,”

“Disregard for personal hygiene is also cause for concern,”

5. Touchiness “In some people, depression manifests as more irritability and impatience than feeling down”

6. An Emerging Dark Side 

“A person who is severely depressed may become preoccupied with death and other morose topics”  For example, he or she may talk about what things will be like “after I am gone,” and may also become more likely to take uncalculated risks.

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The Next Step: Getting Help

If you notice any of these serious depression symptoms in yourself or someone you love, reach out and get help. “In most people, depression, even major depression, is a very treatable disorder. “There is a wide range of medications and therapies that have been proven to work.” Specifically, here’s what you should do:

  • Assess the severity. If you or a loved one is considering harming himself or herself, or is having other dark thoughts, immediate treatment is critical. “Go to the nearest emergency room or contact your local or a private mental health provider,”
  • Create a safe environment. “If the person expresses suicidal thoughts, remove any potentially lethal items from the home, such as guns,drugs,knives etc”
  • See a mental health professional. “It doesn’t have to be a psychiatrist — it can also be a psychologist or therapist”
  • Be kind. “Blaming or chastising depressed people for feeling low or unmotivated is not helpful and typically serves to reinforce negative feelings they already have” “Instead, open the discussion in a nonjudgmental way and encourage the person to seek help.”
  • Ignore the stigma.“Depressed people who are suicidal are not murderers. Suicidal thinking can be a depression symptom, but homicidal thinking is not.”
  • Look to resources. “There are many organizations that have online resources about depression,” or you can try the face to face discussions with a pychologist.